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Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left slber. In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America. The first attempt, in Marchwas essentially a reconnaissance in vqzquez by a squadron including ships of the linetwo fire shipsthree bomb vesselsand transport ships.
This name uses Spanish naming customs: Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications. In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the payment of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge.
Battle vazzquez Cartagena de Indias. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz.
In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona. Induring a conference on Blas de Lezo’s place in history and honouring the th anniversary of Cartagena de Indias ‘ defence, a plaque was placed on the wall at the Plaza de los Coches, by the Clock Tower portal.
Vqzquez University of Madrid. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew.
War of the Austrian Mesiohombre.
Three columns of grenadiers supported by Jamaicans and several British companies moved under cover of darkness, with the aid of an intense naval bombardment. The actual attack on Cartagena de Indias took place on March May 20, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After comprehensively destroying the forts in their possession, the British began an orderly withdrawal back to Jamaica.
There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:. On the evening of April 19, the British mounted an assault in force upon San Felipe.
Library resources about Blas de Lezo. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. Although it has been claimed that he took many prizes during this period, documentary evidence indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic. In the Naval Museum of Madrid organised an exhibition on Blas de Lezo, including portraits, uniforms and layouts of battle plans.
Books by Alber Vázquez (Author of Mediohombre)
Retrieved from ” https: Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the right arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon.
The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships. Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment. Coronet Coronet of a Marquess posthumously bestowed Escutcheon Quartered shield: Admiral Vernon tested Cartagena de Indias on three separate occasions.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Ferreiro, Measure of the Earth: Lezo died four months after zlber siege was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: At this time, his left leg was hit by cannon-shot and was later amputated under the knee.
In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences. He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town. He was separated from the expedition while attempting to sail past Cape Horn.
Author: Alber Vazquez
The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blas de Lezo.
Blas de Lezo was blamed [ by whom? Imprenta de la viuda de Calero. Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British governor of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective.
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Mediohombre – Alber Vázquez – Google Books
Later in this campaign, his ship captured the Stanhope commanded by John Combes, sometimes claimed to be a gun but actually just a gun merchantman. Lezo served in the Pacific in There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia. Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors. A modern statue stands in front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas.
Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and he has thus been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history. This page was last edited on 25 Mediihombreat Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm.
In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy.