Lower elevations are generally forested by White Spruce and Subalpine Fir. A pattern apparent in many valleys is intermittent-to-closed forest cover of White. Mean annual. BOREAL CORDILLERA ECOZONE. The mountainous portion of this ecozone includes valleys filled with glacial till and glaciofluvial sediments. Cordillera/ Boreal_Cordillera_Ecozone_(CEC).

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However, on Devon Islandand the Brodeur and Borden peninsulas, steeply-sided coastal cliffs of to m separate land from water. The plains are of varied kinds, including coastal plains and drumlinized borel i. Almost parallel to the current-day beach and coast there are a series of low-relief ridges that mark the historical location of former coastlines.

Calcareous soils and bedrock along with the dry, cold climate can combine to create very harsh and desert -like conditions in some areas.

Boreal Cordillera

The summer period is about three to four months. This coastal plain on the southern end of Hudson Bay is covered with terrain commonly termed muskeg or marshes.

Unique bird species include ferruginous hawkgreater prairie chicken, sharp-tailed grouse, American coridlleraburrowing owl, great blue heron, black-billed magpie and Baltimore oriole.

Permanent ice and snow fields occur in the mountains along the western side of the ecozone. The Taiga Plains are located mainly on the western side of the Northwest Territories. Unlike conifers, deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall. Forest productivity and the cost of harvesting wood are the highest in the country.


The western coastal forest is composed mainly of western red cedarwestern and mountain hemlockDouglas fir, Sitka spruce, yellow cypress and alder. Warm temperatures throughout most of the year and heavy rainfall provide conditions that support some of Canada’s most spectacular forests. A two-stage silvicultural system, involving harvest of the aspen canopy while protecting the valuable white cordiloera understory, is followed in these mixedwood stands. The main materials that cover the land surfaces tend to follow an orderly pattern.

Lake trout, whitefish and sturgeon once dominated bottom-dwelling species. The uplands tend to be better drained and support a mixed forest of black and white sprucelarchwhite birch, trembling aspenbalsam poplar and lodgepole pine.

The lakes are important shipping corridors and recreation centres. The ecozone is divided almost evenly between forest and nonforest land. The surface topography varies from being nearly level to gently rolling. Mount Waddington is among the highest peaks. Small lakes are numerous and are important for waterfowl and fish habitat.

Boreal Cordillera Ecozone by Skye Thompson on Prezi

Waterlogged and damp soils are common. Because of the danger of collisions with icebergs, sailors know these waters as “Iceberg Alley. Common mammals of the Taiga Shield include barren-ground and woodland caribou, moose, wolf, snowshoe hare, arctic fox, black and grizzly bears, and lynx. Archived from the original on June 25, Typical shrubs include dwarf birchwillows, Labrador tea and heath.

Natural regions are intended to describe areas of the Earth’s cirdillera which possess similar qualities or attributes. Plants with deep roots, such as treescannot easily grow here because the soil beneath the surface is often permanently frozen.


Winters are the reverse. Low-lying depressions are where organic soils and wetlands form. In these coastal forests are some of the tallest, oldest and most productive trees in Canada. One major valley and flood plain emerges cordillers the coast, called the Fraser River valley.

Oil and gas exploration and hydroelectric developments have remained important industries.

Boreal cordillera | Geoclass Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

Cold winters and moderately warm summers are characteristic of the climate which is strongly influenced by continental climatic conditions. This ecosystem is very mountainous, often interrupted by plateaus Corel Professional Photos. During the glacial period, much of Canada would have looked like this ecozone.

Forestry is the major activity in the uplands, while agriculture is more common in local valleys and coastal lowlands.

Sudden violent storms may occur in the area during the summer, usually due cordillerz moist air masses arriving from the Pacific Ocean.

Less than 10 per cent is now forested and much of this comprises isolated pockets. The prairies are also important for their mineral industry, particularly fossil fuels. Vegetation abundance and ground cover differs significantly throughout the area. The area consists mainly of uplands and hills — terrain features which dominate New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.