Pioderma gangrenoso y fístulas enterocutáneas tras anastomosis ileoanal con reservorioGangrenous pyoderma and enterocutaneous fistulas after ileal. Introducción: la baja prevalencia de las fístulas enterocutáneas (FEC) en los pacientes con enfermedad de Crohn (EC) justifica la escasez de. Necesidad de formar unidades funcionales especializadas en el manejo médico- quirúrgico de pacientes con fístulas enterocutáneas y fracaso intestinal.

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There is little experience with biological drugs in these types of fistulas, but their use is reasonable, especially in patients with moderate-severe disease activity.

Regarding local lesion management, 92 cases Our approach, especially in high output fistulas, begins with fasting and TPN. Risk factors for recurrence after repair of enterocutaneous fistula.

The indication for surgery, the response or lack thereof to treatment of both the disease and the ECF, as well as the correlation between one and the other was evaluated in all patients. Dig Surg ; They were treated with antibiotics, immunosuppressants and even surgery. New methods have fistula proposed in order to block intestinal flow: If the fistula is postoperative and occurs within the first 7 days, re-do surgery will be required. Obviously, boththe large number of variables and, consequently, the unlikelihood to perform out comparative studies make it difficult to reach firm conclusions.

Terminally -ill patients and lesions coexisting with biliopancreatic fistula were excluded. The accumulated experience throughout these years has allowed us to optimize the treatment improving in fistulas spontaneous closure and mainly obtaining a substantial mortality rate decrease. Therefore, neither medical nor surgical treatments have shown a high percentage of ECF closure.


Conversely, postoperative fistulas appear during the postoperative period of a patient with abdominal surgery. Mortality in this group was 7.

A good medical-surgical combination with monitoring of times may be the best treatment option in these patients.

Infectious complications such as sepsis from central line catheter and pulmonary infection may delay nutritional recovery, as well wnterocutaneas surgical opportunity. Controlled studies are needed in order to evaluate the efficacy of the different medical and surgical treatments available in patients with ECF.


However, it is possible that many other factors should significantly impact fistulized patient outcomes. Introduction Fistulas are a very common and significant complication in Crohn’s disease CD. Diagnosis was made gistulas physical examination and a computed tomography CT or magnetic resonance MRI study. Then, after controlling intestinal effluent, the parenteral route is gradually replaced by the enteral one, if it is well tolerated and does not complicate wound management.

Síndrome de intestino corto y fistulas enterocutáneas by milenna luna on Prezi

There has even been a case described of an ECF that resolved with infliximab in a patient who did not have CD 8. Regarding the patients’ clinical characteristics, epidemiological factors such as year of diagnosis, presence of a family history of inflammatory bowel disease, tobacco use, and the presence of extraintestinal manifestations were recorded.

Analysis of the level of association was made using Fisher’s exact test, the Kappa index and the Wilcoxon test. Depending on the type of fistula, anti-TNF treatment led to closure of the fistula in 1 of 14 spontaneous fistulas and 2 of 10 postoperative fistulas.


Although some, at first, showed encouraging results, they have failed to prove their full effectiveness as most of the published series make reference to a few patients, usually of deep and low output fistulas, which generally heal whichever conservative treatment.

Discussion ECF rarely responds to medical treatment and a high percentage of patients ultimately require surgical treatment Am J Surg ; 1: Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; Sepsis, multiple lesions and abdominal wall defect were negatives prognoses factors.

The appearance of postoperative enterocutaneous fistula makes a deep trouble for the patient, a high concern to the surgeon and major economic costs for the institutions.

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They are rare, 0. SiscoProceedings of the World.

The definitions of partial or complete response were based on the judgment of the treatment physician, with a retrospective measurement made using the Harvey-Bradshaw index. Combined approach with biologics and surgery for enterocutaneous fistulas in Crohn’s disease.

Ninety-six pecent of patients received antibiotics metronidazole and ciprofloxacinwith non-response rates of In addition, the disease phenotype was determined using the Montreal Classification and the level of disease activity was based on the Harvey-Bradshaw index.

Lastly, 49 patients