Read Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph Newspaper Archives, Jun 10, , p . 65 with family history and genealogy records from Colorado. 7,/83, it is “illegal to hire workers for an outsourced company, with employment .. As, p) noted, what interests a capitalist in producing an item ” is not strictly .. MARINHO, L. CNI defende lei da terceirização para proteger o trabalhador. in by the so-called law of national security (Lei de Segurarnça Nacional). This scenario changed with the enactment of Law 7, on 4 July
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Methodological aspects In 7012 to achieve the objective of this study, the process of research adopted here was based on two explanatory forms of reasoning, usually used within the scope of Critical Realism: Factual reality, meanwhile, includes events whose occurrence may or may not correspond to perception or immediate observation, while the real field is made up of the mechanisms, provisions and lfi structures, which are causually related to perceptions, observations and to the events that make up the other fields.
Outsourcing and resistance to it in Brazil: Bill No. 4,/04 and the actions of collective actors
The contractor is, therefore, considered as the prime debtor responsible for any such labour obligations. Nevertheless, one should stress that, on the day that this article was submitted and after its basic text was approved, on 8 Aprilonly a few items remained outstanding for discussion. Consequently, whilst assuming a deviation of the subject, the authors do not share those points of view that suggest both the inexistence of a reality outside the discursive dimension, and the dissolution of the subject.
The question of moral harassment suffered by outsourced workers was also a focus of the study, which sought to show some of the ways in which such harassment might manifest itself in the workplace. The idea is to find reasons that go beyond mere legal technicalities in order to ascertain the possible consequences of Bill No. Among the flexibilization measures adopted by the latter, one should highlight the following: These primarily focus on two points of contention: We only list the more relevant briefs, without delving into those that fall outside the scope of this article.
Nevertheless, the hiring of temporary workers, as provisioned for in Law No. In view of the position taken in this article regarding the institution of outsourcing, this literature review has prioritised articles that have taken a critical position in relation to the subject, even though to different degrees and adopting different ontological, epistemological and methodological points of view.
According to Caixetathe potential difficulty of demarcating the scope of core and non-core activities could be overcome “through a legal definition of what should be considered as a core activity”. According to Biavaschip. Critical realists agree with the 19883 proposed by Giddensp.
Elements such as discrimination, feeling undervalued and insecurity in relation to the future seen among outsourced workers compete, in the view of these authors, to create the social construction of the perception portrayed. According to the 1893 Department for Parliamentary Assistance DIAPthe business and trade union lobbies in the National Congress include, respectively, and 60 members, including both deputies and senators DIAP,showing the relative inequality that exists between the forces in the legislature.
In the context of Brazil, the effects of increased production flexibility can be viewed as a process that has tended to lead to an institutionalisation of modern flexibilization and a precariousness of work DRUCK, Oltramari and Piccininiin a comparative study of two industrial concerns in the textile sector, point to the adoption of different levels of automation and managerial and technological innovation and their relationship with different aspects of labour relations, including their significance to the workers.
In conclusion, we should stress that both the OAB and Anamatra are opposed to the main proposals contained in Bill No. So as to better show the controversial nature of Bill No. One can see evidence, on completing the partial mapping of the subject of outsourcing, and especially 19833 regard to Bill No. One should also highlight the legalisation of worker cooperatives, a labour structure widely used to get around the standard rules governing employment.
Another aspect dealt with in this study went beyond the merely economic issue and looked at the physical integrity of these workers. 183
A realist theory of science. In a similar vein, one has the affirmation made by Alexandre Furlan, president of the Council of Labour Relations and Social Development at the CNI, who argues that “we cannot close our eyes to outsourcing. The lwi viewpoint of this article manages to look beyond the barriers imposed by organisations, and is thus able to see, above all, the political dimension that lies beyond the day-to-day of organisations.
Finally, and by le of conclusion, we reiterate the idea of outsourcing as being the partial result of a dynamic process, which is constructed socially within an environment in which distinct views and interests coexist.
The working week was also longer in this comparison, by 3 hours. Furthermore, one cannot ignore the real effects of outsourcing, represented by the worsening objective and subjective conditions of labour, “stamped on the statistics of suffering, ill-health and death” VERLAINE, Using this approach, the idea was to highlight the on-going debate over the potential impact of Bill No. Lopes and Silva,ei, point out that outsourced workers in the IT sector, because they are faced with the uncertainties of the weak employment ties that are typical in their field of employment, tend to value a more solid employment relationship, constructing their professional identities in such a way as to be largely disassociated from any kind of organisational belonging.
One can thus see an alignment between the positions of both entities and that of the workers. Whilst the author of the bill, in his textual presentation of the reasons for passing it into law, mentions the 9183 uncertainties facing workers, the verbal declaration made by the president of the Council for Legislative Affairs links his defence of the Bill to the need for more legal security on the part of the business sector.
Everybody outsources” MARINHO,asserting furthermore, that this Bill does not pose a risk to rights, as those opposing the Bill claim, but rather “broadly guarantees the rights of workers”, contributing to the regulation of a lwi that is widely spread throughout the country. According to Delgado and Amorimthis provision for joint responsibility imposed by the legislator came about because of practices that were commonly adopted in the civil construction sector, as early as in the s, that were in detriment of workers’ rights.
Still with Sousaas in the case of the possibility of allowing outsourcing of non-core activities, its extension to core or end activities would result in a weakening of the trade union movement.
One should stress that the different points of view in relation to the subject, which represent the varying interests of business leaders and those of workers, have permeated a reality that has been little portrayed over the last ten years or more.
The ideological dimension, meanwhile looks at discursive legitimisation aimed at collective and societal identities, highlighting the power relations within the internal and external scope of companies. Critical Realism is, therefore, a rejection of the positivist pretension to tie the qualitative nature of science to its quantitative aspect. Firstly, the discovery, during the literary review, of the existence of a number of different actors involved in the debate over the passing into law of Bill No.
The 11983, defended by the trade unions, Anamatra and the OAB-RJ, among others, has a social connotation and is concerned with the potential loss of rights of a portion of the workforce, understood, from a Marxist perspective, as a social class oppressed by the dominant class.
Critical realism, research techniques and research designs. A global analysis of the material that was researched suggests that the authors cover, simultaneously, a variety of dimensions in their research, given their inter-relationships. Papers Outsourcing and resistance to it in Brazil: At this point one should perhaps review the objectives of this article, in order to bring them together in the form of a conclusion.
Critical leei suggest the possibility of formulating theoretical generalisations linked to the discovery of generative mechanisms, provisions and structures that are subjacent to the superficial level of analysis, whose causual powers may expand the explanatory, and not merely descriptive potential of the occurrence of phenomena and events, visible or not in empirical reality.
This is an understanding that is aligned with that seen in the aforementioned literature. Produced by the authors.
With regard to the concrete dimension of the labour market, its presence in the texts is merely residual, despite the increasing precariousness of the objective conditions of labour.
Critical realism as an empirical project: The article has adopted Critical Realism as the ontology for guiding the proposed analysis.
The TST is the highest labour court in the country and it has a nationwide perspective of what is going in terms of outsourcing throughout Brazil and makes legal rulings on a wide variety of different aspects.
Fallibility, meanwhile, expresses the temporary nature of knowledge, which is subject to rebuttal in virtue of new evidence emerging. The article seeks to contextualise the present time, one in which we are faced with an intense debate on the potential impact of Bill No.